Submitted by Dick Martin
Richard Edward Martin (Darby) was born on December 31, 1919 on a farm near Perkins, South Dakota and died tragically on June 2, 1947 in Springfield of incurable Hodgkin's Disease . After graduating from Springfield high School in 1937, he attended Southern State Normal School two years before entering the United States Naval Academy in the summer of 1939.
Diagnosed with Hodgkin's Disease at the Naval Academy, he had to resign from the academy his sophomore year and returned to South Dakota where he obtained his bachelor's degree from Northern State Teachers College in late 1941. He taught and coached at Springfield High School for a year and then went to California where he was employed in research work for the Navy at California Institute of Technology (Caltech), where he received many awards for his work. After the war, he returned to South Dakota, where he worked for the state and helped his brother, Jack, with coaching the Southern football team. However, his incurable disease continued to take its toll and he died on June 2, 1947.
Darby was appointed to the United States Naval Academy (Navy), where he was famous for his prowess on the basketball court culminating in hitting the key baskets in beating Army in the 1941 rivalry game. Later, after being diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease, the army coach sent a letter to Darby "expressing his regret concerning Darby's illness and of his confidence that the spirit he displayed on the basketball Court against Army and in life would carry him through the fight he had ahead of him."
Darby was highly thought of by all who knew him and had many accolades paid to him, for example:
Those who grew up with Darby in Springfield described him as a "Peach of a Guy." Recollections by some women who were his students the year Darby taught at Springfield High School recall that all of the girls in the high school had a "crush" on him. In one story typical of high school girls at a slumber party, it was decided to make an anonymous telephone call to Darby and ask him what color of pajamas he was wearing. Immediately recognizing the voice on the telephone, and using her name, Darby said he was not wearing any.
Darby spent his last days at Sacred Heart Hospital in Yankton. He was in terrible pain from the Hodgkin's disease, mostly headache pain. His mother (Nana) spent as much time with him as she could. His young nieces, Jackie and Mary Pat, were there and remember that Darby wanted to see his little girls one last time, but the nuns didn't think it was a good idea. In a rare act of civil disobedience, Darby's mother and sister conspired to sneak the girls in to see Darby by hiding them in the waiting room, and when the coast was clear of nuns, scooted the scofflaws into Darby's room where they had an affectionate few minutes one last time together with him. As an indicator of how popular Darby was, the funeral was so well attended that the Catholic Church in Springfield could not hold everyone so a loud speaker was installed outside so those who could not get in were able to hear the service.
Private First Class Jake Den Ouden
Submitted by Dick Martin
The story of “Comfort Women” during World War II is one of the more tawdry and sad parts of the war. It is the story of the widely diverse estimates of 50,000 to 200,000 women forced into prostitution by the Japanese Military. Beginning in Shanghai, China in 1932, the young women were abducted from their homes in the countries under Imperial Japanese rule. In many cases, they were lured from their homes with promises of factory jobs and then sent to comfort stations against their will.
The Japanese Military established the comfort stations to prevent rape and venereal diseases among its soldiers, to provide comfort for its soldiers, and to head off espionage. Since prostitution was open and well-organized in Japan, it made it easier for the Military to set up the stations. The first “comfort women” were Japanese volunteers. With the huge expansion of the Japanese Army as the war expanded, many more women were needed. Consequently, most of the women were from occupied countries like Korea, China and the Philippine Islands. Little known is that the Japanese Army also forced Dutch women into becoming comfort women. The common use of the word prostitute to define “comfort women” is inaccurate since most of the women did not compromise their principles for personal gain or money. Instead, they were forced to become sex slaves against their will and did not receive money or personal gain.
There have been many attempts to tell the story of “Comfort Women.” They have been hampered by the China-Japan Joint Communique’ of 1972 in which the Chinese government agreed not to seek any restitution for war-time crimes and incidents; the burning of relevant documents by the Korean government; and the suicide, murder, and/or death of approximately 75% of the women. The Japanese government has partially accepted responsibility for its role in the creation of the Comfort Women Stations. In the 1993 Kono Statement, the Japanese government admitted coercion in setting up the stations and in 2007, the Japanese parliament issued an official apology. However, the Japanese prime minister at the time stated that there was no evidence that the Japanese government kept sex slaves. Since then, on December 28, 2015, Japan and South Korea reached agreement to settle the dispute. The agreement provided for Japan paying South Korea 8.3 million to fund supporting surviving victims and South Korea agreeing to refrain from criticizing Japan regarding the issue. In San Francisco, on September 22 of this year, a memorial was dedicated in memory of the thousands of “comfort women” from Korea, China, and the Philippine Islands, who were forced to serve as sex slaves for the Japanese Military in World War II.
Taken from Wikipedia, Mindy Kotler’s November 14, 2014 opinion piece article “The Comfort Women and Japan’s War on Truth” in the New York Times and the February 2018 edition of World War II magazine.